Superb Bird of Paradise, Lophorina superba: Bird of Paradise: Origin, Description , Photos, Diet and Breeding. PDF | The birds-of-paradise (Aves: Paradisaeidae) are a quintessential of the Superb Bird-of-Paradise, Lophorina superba, is one of the most. ASAG Species Fact Sheet. Page 1. Order: Passeriformes. Family: Paradisaeidae. Scientific Name: Lophorina superba. Common Name: Superb Bird-of-paradise.
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Share this image — Hide sharing options. Birds of paradise are famed for their elaborate plumage and fascinating, often bizarre, courtship displays, and the superb bird-of-paradise Lophorina superba is no exception 4.
As in other species, the male and the female superb bird-of-paradise differ greatly in appearance, with only the male possessing the spectacular ornamental plumage while the female is rather drab and cryptically coloured 4. The head is a velvety jet black, although the scale-like crown feathers are a metallic green-blue 2 5. The rest of the plumage is black, with variable sheens of purple, copper, magenta and green appearing in places 2.
Long, black feathers on the back of the neck can be erected to form a cape during courtship. While the bill of the male superb bird-of-paradise is black, the inside of the mouth is bright yellow to green 2 5. Much duller in comparison, the plumage of the female superb bird-of-paradise is a mixture of browns and greys, with black barring on the underside 5.
The female is also much smaller than the male, with noticeably shorter wings. While the juvenile superb bird-of-paradise resembles the female in appearance, its plumage is softer and fluffier, and the feathers of the crown are darker. Immature males can be distinguished by their longer wings, and the gradual appearance of their brighter, adult plumage 2.
There are currently five recognised subspecies of the superb bird-of-paradise, which vary slightly in appearance and also in their location: Lophorina superba superbaLophorina superba nieddaLophorina superba femininaLophorina superba latipennis and Lophorina lophorina superba pdf minor 2. One of the most striking behaviours of the superb bird-of-paradise is the extraordinary courtship display of the male. Courtship displays have been observed between August and January, and the male establishes and displays from a territory 2.
The display begins with the male in a slightly crouched position, before alternately flashing the iridescent lophorina superba pdf shield or flicking up the black cape feathers, while watching the female 5. After this initial display, the male fully expands the spectacular breast shield and flicks the cape feathers forward, over and around the sides of the head.
The result is a complete circle of black, broken only by the iridescent breast shield feathers and eye spots. With the feathers in this position, the male then begins an animated dance around the female 5. During this dance, the male superb bird-of-paradise may also produce a series of clicking noises created by sudden movement of the wings 2.
The male superb bird-of-paradise is polygamous and may mate with many females. Lophorina superba pdf female alone is responsible for building the nest and caring for the young.
Nests have been observed to be cup-shaped, and constructed from plant material, including fern fronds. A clutch can contain 1 to 2 eggs, and in captivity the female incubates these for 18 to 19 days, with the young fledging 18 days after hatching 2.
Hopping between branches and trees, the superb bird-of-paradise forages by probing among moss and other epiphytic growth in search of food. The diet of the superb bird-of-paradise varies with seasonal availability, although it feeds mainly on invertebrates and fruit 2.
Inhabiting montane rainforest and forest edges, the superb bird-of-paradise can be found at elevations between 1, and 2, metres above sea level 2 5.
However, it most commonly occurs between elevations of 1, and 1, metres 2. The preferred territory of the male is steeply sloping mountain ridges 2.
The superb bird-of-paradise is also known to inhabit disturbed forest, as well lophorina superba pdf forest patches between cultivated areas such as gardens 2.
While not considered globally threatened 2the superb bird-of-paradise is hunted for its plumes for use in traditional costume 7.
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The Arkive website will no longer be available after 15 February Share on Facebook Tweet Send email. Superb bird-of-paradise Lophorina superba. Lophorina superba pdf Share image. Photos Videos. Superb bird-of-paradise fact file Description Biology Range Habitat Status Threats Conservation Find out more Glossary References Print factsheet Superb bird-of-paradise description Kingdom Animalia Phylum Chordata Class Aves Order Passeriformes Family Lophorina superba pdf Genus Lophorina 1 Birds of paradise are famed for their elaborate plumage and fascinating, often bizarre, courtship displays, and the superb bird-of-paradise Lophorina superba is no exception 4.
Also known as Superb bird of paradise. Size Male length: Ribbon-tailed astrapia Astrapia mayeri. Raggiana bird of paradise Paradisaea raggiana. Superb bird-of-paradise biology One of the most striking behaviours of the superb bird-of-paradise is the extraordinary courtship display of the male. Superb bird-of-paradise range The superb bird-of-paradise is found only on the island of New Guinea, in both Indonesia and Papua New Guinea 6. Smooth cauliflower coral Stylophora pistillata.
Brown stingray Dasyatis fluviorum. Buff-banded rail Gallirallus philippensis. Lophorina superba pdf bird-of-paradise habitat Inhabiting montane rainforest and forest edges, the superb bird-of-paradise can be found at elevations between 1, and 2, metres above sea level 2 5. Prince Bernhard's titi monkey Callicebus bernhardi.
Cola Cola cecidiifolia. Whistling warbler Catharopeza bishopi. Superb bird-of-paradise threats While not considered globally threatened 2the superb bird-of-paradise is hunted for its plumes for use in traditional costume 7. Superb bird-of-paradise conservation There are currently no known specific conservation measures in place for the superb bird-of-paradise. Find out more Find out more about lophorina superba pdf superb bird-of-paradise: Lophorina superba pdf International - Superb lophorina superba pdf Authentication This information is awaiting authentication by a species expert, and will be updated as soon as possible.
Glossary Lophorina superba pdf colouration Colouration that makes animals difficult to detect against their background, so serving to reduce predation. The colouration may provide camouflage against a background, break up the outline of the body, or both.
Epiphyte A plant that grows on another plant, typically a tree, using it for physical support but not drawing nourishment from it. Invertebrates Animals with no backbone, such as insects, crustaceans, worms, molluscs, spiders, cnidarians jellyfish, corals, sea anemones and echinoderms. Montane Of mountains, or growing in mountains. Polygamous Mating with more than one partner in the same season. Subspecies A population usually restricted to a geographical area that differs from other populations of the same species, but not to the extent of being classified as a separate species.
Territory An area occupied and defended by an animal, a pair of animals or a group. Volume Bush-Shrikes to Old World Sparrows. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. BMC Evolutionary Biology9: Frith, D.
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